Spring Loaded Accumulator used spring force to store hydraulic energy. 

A spring-loaded accumulator is a type of energy storage device used in hydraulic systems. It consists of a cylindrical chamber with a movable piston or diaphragm and a preloaded coil spring. The accumulator is connected to the hydraulic system and is designed to store fluid under pressure.


  • A spring loaded accumulator consists of cylinder body, a movable piston and a spring.
  • The spring applies a force to the piston. As dead weight accumulator is requires more bulky weights, spring provided large force in a limited area for the same pressure.
  • The spring used in this accumulator is compression spring which exerts force on the piston.
Spring Loaded Accumulator


  • When pressurized oil enter from the inlet at the bottom, it pushes the piston in the upward direction against the spring force.
  • Piston moves from the lower end to the upper end spring get compressed. When piston reaches the upper stop end, the accumulator is fully charged.
  • Accumulator is connected to the application point, spring pressure forces the oil under pressure through the outlet port. When spring is fully expanded the accumulator is unloaded and discharged.


accumulator symbol


  1. They are compact and smaller.
  2. Mounting is easy.
  3. Energy storage: Spring loaded accumulators allow for the storage of energy in the form of compressed gas or fluid. This stored energy can be released rapidly when needed, providing additional power during peak demands or when the hydraulic pump is unable to keep up with the system requirements.
  4. Smooth operation: By storing energy during periods of low demand and releasing it during peak demand, spring loaded accumulators help to smooth out pressure and flow fluctuations in the hydraulic system. This can enhance the overall performance and efficiency of the system.
  5. Emergency power source: In the event of a power failure or shutdown of the hydraulic pump, spring loaded accumulators can serve as an emergency power source. They can provide a temporary supply of pressurized fluid, allowing critical operations to continue until power is restored or an alternative power source is activated.
  6. Reduces pump size and power requirements: Spring loaded accumulators can reduce the size and power requirements of the hydraulic pump. By storing and releasing energy as needed, the pump can operate at a lower average power level, resulting in energy savings and potentially smaller pump size.


  1. Less capacity
  2. Operate at low pressure
  3. The pressure is not uniform and does not remain constant.
  4. Limited energy storage capacity: Spring loaded accumulators have a limited capacity for storing energy. The amount of energy available depends on the size of the accumulator and the compression of the spring. This limitation may restrict their use in applications that require sustained high-power output or extended energy storage.
  5. Pressure fluctuations: As the spring compresses and decompresses, there can be pressure fluctuations in the hydraulic system. This can affect the performance and stability of the system, especially if the pressure fluctuations are significant or frequent.
  6. Maintenance requirements: Spring loaded accumulators require regular inspection and maintenance to ensure proper functioning. The springs may need periodic checks and replacement to maintain their effectiveness. Additionally, the pressure vessel and seals must be monitored and maintained to prevent leaks or failures.
  7. Safety considerations: Spring loaded accumulators operate under high pressure, and failure or over-pressurization can lead to hazardous situations. Proper design, installation, and maintenance are crucial to ensure the safety of personnel and equipment. Regular inspections and compliance with safety standards are essential.
  8. It’s important to consider these advantages and disadvantages in the context of specific application requirements and operational conditions when deciding whether to use spring loaded accumulators.

By Aditya

Hi, I’m Aditya Sharma, a professional blogger from Gurgaon, India and I launched this blog called aadityacademy on July 2021. aadityacademy.com is a mechanical Project-oriented platform run by Aditya sharma and I got the motivation to start aadityacademy blog after seeing less technical education information available on google.

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