|Name||Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela|
|Born||18 July 1918|
Mvezo, Cape Province, Union of South Africa (present Eastern Cape)
|Died||5 December 2013, Houghton Estate, Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Spouse||Evelyn Ntoko Mase (m. 1944, div. 1958)|
Winnie Madikizela (m. 1958, div. 1996)
Graça Machel (m. 1998)
|Children||Makgatho, Makaziwe, Zenani, Zindziswa and Josina (step-daughter) including 7 more|
|Parents||Nosekeni Fanny (mother)|
Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa (father)
|Education||Wesleyan College, University of London, Clarkebury Boarding Institute, University College of Fort Hare, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg|
|Occupation||Activist, Politician, Philanthropist, Lawyer|
|Political party||African National Congress|
|South African Communist|
|Fact||Mandela became the first Black president of South Africa in 1994, serving until 1999|
|Resting place|| Mandela Graveyard|
Qunu, Eastern Cape, South Africa
|Awards||Sakharov Prize (1988)|
Bharat Ratna (1990)
Nobel Peace Prize (1993)
Lenin Peace Prize (1990)
Presidential Medal of Freedom etc.
|“I Am Prepared to Die” (1964 speech), Long Walk to Freedom (1994), Mandela: The Authorised Biography (1999), Conversations With Myself (2010), Dare Not Linger: The Presidential Years (2017)|
|Film||Mandela (1987), Death of Apartheid (1995), Mandela (1996), Mandela: Son of Africa, Father of a Nation (1996), Mandela and de Klerk (1997), Goodbye Bafana (2007), Endgame (2009), Invictus (2009), Winnie Mandela (2011), Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom (2013), Mandela’s Gun (2016)|
Table of Contents
Early Life And His Education
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (Nelson Rolihlahla solon) was born into the Madiba clan in the village of Mvezo, on 18 July 1918. Mandela mother was Nonqaphi Nosekeni and father was Nkosi Mphakanyiswa Gadla Mandela. In 1930,once he was twelve years previous, his father died and also the young Rolihlahla became a ward of Jongintaba at the nice Place in Mqhekezweni1.
On his come back to the nice Place at Mqhekezweni the King was furious and same if he didn’t come back to Fort Hare he would prepare wives for him and his first cousin Justice. They ran away to urban center instead, inbound there in 1941. There he worked as a mine security officer and when meeting music director Sisulu, associate factor, he was introduced to Lazer Sidelsky. his articles through a firm of attorneys – Witkin, Eidelman and Sidelsky.
He attended college in Qunu where Miss Mdingane (teacher), gave him the name Nelson.
He completed his primary school at Clarkebury Boarding Institute and went on to Healdtown, a Wesleyan secondary school of some repute, wherever he matriculated.
Mandela began his studies for a Bachelor of Arts degree at the University College of Fort Hare however failed to complete the degree there there as a result of he was expelled for change of integrity during a student protest.
On his come back to the Great spot at Mqhekezweni the King was furious and said if he didn’t come back to Fort Hare he would prepare wives for him and his first cousin Justice. They ran away to Johannesburg instead, inbound there in 1941. There he worked as a mine security officer and after meeting Walter Sisulu, associate factore, he was introduced to Lazer Sidelsky. his articles through a firm of attorneys – Witkin, Eidelman and Sidelsky.
He completed his BA through the University of African country and went back to Fort Hare for his graduation in 1943.
Meanwhile, he began studying for an LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand. By his own admission and left the university in 1952, while not graduating as a result of he was a poor student. He solely started finding out once more through the University of London when his imprisonment however conjointly failed to complete that degree
In 1989, whereas within the last months of his imprisonment, he obtained associate LLB through the University of African country. He graduated in absentia at a ceremony in Cape Town.
Mandela, while increasingly politically involved from 1942, only joined the African National Congress in 1944 when he helped to form the ANC Youth League (ANCYL).
In 1944 he married Walter Sisulu’s cousin, Evelyn Mase, a nurse. They had two sons, Madiba Thembekile “Thembi” and Makgatho, and two daughters both called Makaziwe, the first of whom died in infancy. He and his spouse divorced in 1958.
Mandela rose through the ranks of the ANCYL and through its efforts, the ANC adopted a lot of radical mass-based policy, the Programme of Action, in 1949.
In 1952 he was chosen as the National Volunteer-in-Chief of the Defiance Campaign with Maulvi Cachalia as his deputy. This campaign of direct action against six unjust laws was a joint programme between the ANC and also the South African Indian Congress. He and nineteen others were charged underneath the Suppression of Communism Act for his or her half within the campaign and sentenced to 9 months of onerous labour, suspended for 2 years.
A biennial sheepskin in law on prime of his BA allowed solon to practise law, and in August 1952 he and jazz musician Tambo established South Africa’s 1st black house, solon & Tambo.
At the end of 1952 he was banned for the first time. As a restricted person he was only permitted to watch in secret as the Freedom Charter was adopted in Kliptown on 26 June 1955.
On 10 May 1994 he was inaugurated as South Africa’s first democratically elected President. On his 80th birthday in 1998 he married Graça Machel, his third wife.
True to his promise, solon stepped down in 1999 when one term as President. He continued to figure with the Children’s Fund he set up in 1995 and established the Nelson Mandela Foundation and the Mandela Rhodes Foundation. In Apr 2007 his grandson, Mandla mandela, was installed as head of the Mvezo traditional Council at a ceremony at the Mvezo great place. Nelson Mandela never wavered in his devotion to democracy, equality and learning. Despite terrible provocation, he never answered racism with racism. His life is an inspiration to all who are oppressed and deprived; and to all who are opposed to oppression and deprivation.
Awards and Honors
The people of South Africa widely regarded Mandela as the “Father of the Nation”. 2004, a Mandela statue was installed in Johannesburg’s Sandton Square Shopping Center and the center was renamed Nelson Mandela Square. In South Africa, she is often called as Madiba, which is a respectful word for the elderly.
November 2009, the United Nations General Assembly declared his birthday (18 July) as ‘Mandela Day’ in honor of his contribution to the anti-apartheid struggle. To commemorate Mandela’s association with this movement for 67 years, people were urged to donate 67 minutes out of 24 hours a day in helping others. More than 250 honors and awards have been presented to Mandela by various countries and institutions of the world.
Nobel Peace Prize
President Medal of Freedom
order of lenin
Gandhi Peace Prize on 23 July 2008
Mandela died on 5 December 2013 at his home in Houghton, Johannesburg, from a lung infection. He was 95 years old at the time of his death. And his death was announced by President Jacob Zuma.
Great Thoughts | Quotes
Nelson Mandela, much like Mahatma Gandhi, was a supporter of the non-violent path. He considered Gandhi as a source of inspiration and learned the lesson of non-violence from him.
- Whenever good things happen, especially when you celebrate victories, it is better for you to lead from behind than to put others ahead. You should be in the front line whenever there is danger. Then people will appreciate your leadership.
- There is nothing that can be a part of freedom.
- It is wise to persuade people to do things and make them feel that they have done it on their own.
- A good leader engages in a debate clearly and thoroughly because he knows that in the end he and the other side will be closer and thus emerge stronger. You will not have such an idea unless you are arrogant, superficial and uninformed.
- Even if you have a disease, then don’t sit down and get depressed like a fool. Enjoy life to the fullest and challenge the illness that has struck you.
- To deprive people of their human rights is to challenge their true humanity.
- There is no use in doing small work or living with small minded people. It is wrong to live a life less than the kind of life you can live.
- We should use time wisely and always know that time is always ready to do the right thing.
- If you talk to a man in a language he understands, it goes through his mind. The same if you speak in her own language then it gets into her heart.
- I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the victory over it. The brave man is not the one who does not feel the fear, but the one who conquers that fear as well.
- Has anyone ever thought that they didn’t get what they wanted because they didn’t have the talent, strength or endurance, not the commitment.
- Education is the most powerful weapon with which you can change the world.
- I hate racism so much, I find it barbaric. Whether it is coming from a black person or a white person.
- Especially when you celebrate victory and whenever good things happen, you should lead from behind putting others ahead and you should come to the front line whenever there is danger. Then people will appreciate your leadership.
- In my country people first go to jail and then become president.
- You can be successful in some work only if you are proud of it.
- When everyone is celebrating victory, then a leader should lead from behind and keep others ahead. And when there is a danger, then a leader should come forward and lead. Only then people will praise you.
When and where was Nelson Mandela born?
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, also known as Madiba, was born Rolihlahla Mandela on July 18, 1918, in Mvezo, South Africa.
When did Nelson Mandela die?
Nelson Mandela died on December 5, 2013, in Johannesburg. He was 95 years old.
What is Nelson Mandela known for?
Nelson Mandela is known for several things, but perhaps he is best known for successfully leading the resistance to South Africa’s policy of apartheid in the 20th century, during which he was infamously incarcerated at Robben Island Prison (1964–82).
When Nelson Mandela became the president of South Africa?
The Nelson Mandela-led ANC won South Africa’s first election in April 1994 by universal suffrage and he was sworn in as the country’s first multiethnic government president on May 10.
What is the best biography of Nelson Mandela?
Long Walk To Freedom
Who wrote the biography of Nelson Mandela?
Long Walk to Freedom is an autobiography written by South African President Nelson Mandela, and first published in 1994 by Little Brown & Co. The book profiles his early life, coming of age, education and 27 years in prison.
What are some important facts about Nelson Mandela?
He was the first black president of South Africa, and the first president to be elected in a fully representative election. Nelson Mandela’s government focused on destroying the Apartheid government in the country, which had focused on racial segregation enforced by the law.
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